Grounds for invalidating a contract
The binding force of a contract is based on the fact that it evinces a meeting of minds of two parties in Good Faith.A contract, once formed, does not contemplate a right of a party to reject it.The purpose of a contract is to establish the agreement that the parties have made and to fix their rights and duties in accordance with that agreement.The courts must enforce a valid contract as it is made, unless there are grounds that bar its enforcement.Implied Contracts Although contracts that are implied in fact and contracts implied in law are both called implied contracts, a true implied contract consists of obligations arising from a mutual agreement and intent to promise, which have not been expressed in words.It is misleading to label as an implied contract one that is implied in law because a contract implied in law lacks the requisites of a true contract.In the past, all contracts were required to be under seal in order to be valid, but the seal has lost some or all of its effect by statute in many jurisdictions.Recognition by the courts of informal contracts, such as implied contracts, has also diminished the importance and employment of formal contracts under seal.
As with prenuptial agreements, a court has the discretion to reject the terms of a post-nuptial agreements, for example if the court finds that its terms are insufficient to meet the financial needs of partners and children. jurisprudence followed the notion that contracts, such as a postnuptial agreements, could not be valid when executed between a husband and wife.
Like the contents of a prenuptial agreement, provisions vary widely but commonly includes provisions for division of property and spousal support in the event of divorce, death of one of the spouses, or breakup of marriage.
However, courts subject them to more legal scrutiny than prenuptial agreements.
As a general rule, contracts by competent persons, equitably made, are valid and enforceable.
Parties to a contract are bound by the terms to which they have agreed, usually even if the contract appears to be improvident or a bad bargain, as long as it did not result from Fraud, duress, or Undue Influence.