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The Jewish authorities refused to enter the building, however, "lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover" that evening (), obliging Pilate, somewhat incongruously, to pass to and from his own palace as he questioned Jesus and his accusers.Finally brought outside for judgment, Jesus was led away to be crucified.By this reckoning, the third hour was 9 a.m.; the sixth hour, 12 noon; and the ninth hour, 3 p.m.An event that occurred in the twilight just before sunset (the twelfth hour, 6 p.m.) was counted as taking place on that day and, shortly after sunset, the next.In the synoptic Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke; so named because they share a similar narrative when "seen together"), Jesus is said to have been crucified and died after the Passover meal on Passover day.In the Gospel of John, he died before the Passover meal on its Day of Preparation."It was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour" (noontime) (, 16). In Mark, this was the Day of Passover (15 Nisan), the morning after the Passover meal of the evening before.Arrested and interrogated by Caiaphas and Pilate that night, Jesus was tried and crucified the next morning at 9 a.m. In John, Jesus died on the Day of Preparation (14 Nisan), the day before the Passover meal, sometime after noon but before sunset later that evening.
There was to be a Passover feast of unleavened bread and bitter herbs to commemorate the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt, who had marked their doorposts with the blood of a lamb so God would pass over them.There was no preparation for a Passover meal nor mention of a communion; rather, "supper being ended," Jesus washed the feet of his disciples (13:2, 5) and, echoing Moses, gave them a new commandment: to love one another ().That night (as the Day of Preparation began), Jesus was arrested and, early the next morning, taken from the house of Caiaphas to the praetorium of Pilate.John was the last Gospel to be written, about twenty-five years later.He relates that Jesus died "before the feast of the passover, when Jesus knew that his hour was come that he should depart out of this world unto the Father" (13:1).